Effective Environmental Management SystemReduces Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Rashmi Poudel; Bimal Aryal
Nepal's contribution to global greenhouse gas emissions is almost negligible compared with that of other countries. However, the carpet industry is considered to be one of the polluting factors. This study focuses on the effectiveness of Environmental Management System (EMS) implementation in the carpet industry mainly in terms of reducing resource consumption and hence reducing greenhouse gas emission. Two focus group discussions were conducted, one before EMS implementation with 16 participants and the next after EMS implementation with 14 participants. Forty respondents (out of 100 workers) were randomly selected including the industry owner, top management personnel and other employees. Rice husk was found to be the major source of energy used for the production of dyed yarn before and after EMS implementation. The findings showed that the total greenhouse gas emission (GHG) from the industry after one year of EMS implementationwas reduced by 6.06% per ton of dyed woollen yarn. The reduction in GHG emissions isonly a small part of the benefits; overall there is local air pollution management and a global reduction in GHG emissions.
Carpet Industry; Emission; Greenhouse Gas
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