Effect of summer weather conditions on the environmental impact of a power plant in the UAE

Zin Eddine Dadach; Fontina Petrakopoulou; Mohamed Mohamed Alhammadi; Mubarak Haji Alblooshi
This work investigates the effect of summer weather conditions on the environmental impact of an Open Cycle Gas Turbine in Abu Dhabi (UAE) using an exergoenvironmental analysis. The results are used to suggest measures for reducing the calculated impact. Actual operational data are verified with simulation data using commercial software. Compared to standard weather conditions, the summer weather conditions decrease the overall exergetic efficiency of the plant by 4.3% and increase the total environmental impact per generated KWh by 7.9%. The addition of a heat recovery steam generator could increase the net power output and decrease the total environmental impact of the plant. The main contributor to the environmental impact of exergy destruction is the combustor. Summer conditions increase this impact by 21.5%. The compressor has the second highest environmental impact, increased by 14.6% for summer conditions. A process control system for continuous measurement of exhausted O2 and CO can help to reduce the excess air and, consequently, the associated environmental impact. This may also decrease the power required by the compressor. Lastly, a cooling system for the ambient air may also help to increase the power output of the plant by decreasing the power required by the compressor.
Open Cycle Gas Turbine, Exergetic analysis, Exergetic efficiency, Exergoenvironmental analysis, summer weather conditions
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