Intra-Refresh Provision for Data-Partitioned H.264 Video Streaming over WiMAX

Mohammed Ghanbari; Martin Fleury; Laith Al-Jobouri
Mobile, broadband wireless access is increasingly being used for video streaming. This paper is a study of the impact of intra-refresh provision upon a robust video streaming scheme intended for WiMAX. The paper demonstrates the use of intra-refresh macroblocks within inter-coded video frames as an alternative to periodic intra-refresh video frames. In fact, the proposed scheme combines intra-refresh macroblocks with data-partitioned video compression, both error resilience tools from the H.264 video codec. Redundant video packets along with adaptive channel coding are also used to protect video streams. In harsh wireless channel conditions, it is found that all the proposed measures are necessary. This is because error bursts, arising from both slow and fast fading, as well as other channel impairments, are possible. The main conclusions from a detailed analysis are that: because of the effect on packet size it is important to select a moderate quantization parameter; and because of the higher overhead from cyclic intra macroblock line update it is better to select a low percentage per frame of intra-refresh macroblocks. The proposed video streaming scheme will be applicable to other 4G wireless technologies such as LTE.
Broadband Wireless Access; Error Resilience; H.264 Codec; Video Streaming; WiMAX
Download | Back to Issue| Archive