The Art of Vegetation in the Urban Spaces in Sahara

Ratiba Wided BIARA; Djamal ALKAMA
The know-how that old frameworks conjugate in the Algerian Sahara seems to fade over time. The urbanization process has shaped cities, merely to transpose the models of the north of the country, without taking into account the austere climatic conditions of the region. As a result, space professionals seem more concerned by thermal comfort, specifically in outdoor public spaces which are deserted during the hot periods. This is the case of “the square of camels” in Bechar city: legendary space, long elected place of the urbanity by excellence, today at the risk of expiration, mainly because of the sunlight and excessive heat. Then perpetuate the use of this space of relaxation, essential to the environment in which persons live, needs to ensure the bioclimatic comfort. Hence the need to render the nature (a means used by the ancients, to ensure a microclimate in vernacular establishments), that is able to make the public place, appropriate to usages in terms of health, comfort and configuration of the space for a renewed pleasure to live there. Therefore, this paper attaches to demonstrate the importance of the nature place of, Sahara city and, more particularly, that of the plant as a determinant in the assessment of “the place of camels” in Bechar city.
Urban Space; Sahara; Sunlight; Plant; Sustainability
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